…Massachusetts Department of Public Health (MDPH) investigated the extent to which illicitly-made fentanyl (IMF) contributed to the surge in opioid-related overdose deaths because the supply had sharply increased in Massachusetts from 2013 to 2015. Work with federal agencies determined that illicitly-manufactured fentanyl mixed with or sold as heroin was primarily responsible for the surge of deaths from 2014 to 2015. Eighty-two percent of fentanyl related overdose deaths were suspected to involve illicitly-made fentanyl, four percent were suspected to involve pharmaceutical fentanyl, and the remaining 14 percent lacked sufficient evidence to determinethe fentanyl source. …
National Institute of Drug Abuse defines opioids: Opioids are a class of drugs that include the illegal drug heroin, synthetic opioids such as fentanyl, and pain relievers available legally by prescription, such as oxycodone (OxyContin®), hydrocodone (Vicodin®), codeine, morphine, and many others. These drugs are chemically related and interact with opioid receptors on nerve cells in the body and brain.
What is the definition of opioid epidemic? At time of death if someone is using their legally prescribed opioid medication, is this called an opioid-related death? If alcoohol is present with a legally prescribed opioid medication, is this an opioid-related death? Are the standards of toxicology reporting consistent on death certificates in all states? NFCPA believes that definition of broad terms such as “opioid-related” and “opioid” epidemic should be publicly available with easy access. Securing public confidence in the federal agencies’ reported statistics is the first step in education about safe use of prescribed opioids as part of an integrative pain treatment program.
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